Junkers JU87 Stuka "Dora" Scale Model Aircraft
Part Number: B11E183
Availability: Available Now
Approximately 9" (22.9 cm) in length. Wingspan approximately 11 1/2" (29.2 cm). Scale 1:48.
Junkers JU87 Stuka "Dora" Scale Model Aircraft - Description
Clear the decks! The most famous and feared German dive bomber is on the descent.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka was the best known Sturzkampfflugzeug (German dive bomber) in World War II, instantly recognisable by its inverted gull wings, fixed undercarriage and infamous wailing siren.
The Stuka's design featured some innovative features, including an automatic pull-up system to ensure that the plane recovered from its attack dive even if the pilot blacked out from the high acceleration, and wind-powered sirens on the wheel covers that wailed during dives to frighten its victims. These were named "Trumpets of Jericho" by Junkers and were a form of psychological warfare. (A similar technique is shown in the movie Apocalypse Now). Its rugged fixed undercarriage allowed it to land and take-off from improvised airstrips close to the battlefront, giving close support to the advancing German forces.
Although sturdy, accurate, and very effective, the Stuka suffered from low speed and maneuverabilty, with little defensive armament, making it highly vulnerable to enemy fighters. The Germans learned in the Battle of Britain that air superiority must be obtained before ground attack aircraft could be effectively used. After the Battle of Britain, the Stuka was little used in western Europe, but it remained effective further south where Allied fighters were in short supply (notably in the attacks on Crete and Malta), and was used in vast numbers on the Eastern Front, although the steady rise in Soviet airpower as the war progressed meant that Stuka squadrons suffered very heavy losses.
More than six thousand Ju 87 were built between 1936 and August 1944.
It was a Ju 87 that achieved the first Axis air victory during World War II.
Hans-Ulrich Rudel was the most notable Stuka ace, and in fact the most highly decorated German soldier of the war
The Stuka diving sequence
Flying at 4,600 meters (15,000 ft), the pilot located his target, starting the diving sequence. He opened the dive brakes, automatically nosing the aircraft into a dive. Red tabs protruded from the upper surfaces of the wing as a visual indicator to the pilot and at the same time the automatic dive recovery system was activated. The pilot aimed the entire aircraft at his target using a simple bombsight.
The Stuka dove at 60 - 90 degree angle, accelerating to 600 km/h (350 mph).
When the aircraft was reasonably close to the target, a light on the contact altimeter came on to indicate the bomb-release point, usually at a minimum height of 450 m (1,500 ft). The pilot released the bomb by depressing a knob on the control column to release weapons and to initiate the automatic pull-out mechanism. A clutch located under the fuselage would swing the bomb out of the way of the propellor, and the aircraft would automatically begin a 6 g pullout.
Once the nose was above the horizon, dive brakes were retracted, the throttle was opened, and the propeller was set to climb. The pilot regained control and resumed normal flight. The remaining bombs under the wings were used for other targets.